Buddhism is second most popular religion in Sikkim state with 27.39 % following it. About one-fifth of the population consists of Scheduled Tribes (an official category embracing indigenous peoples who fall outside the predominant Indian social hierarchy). The people of Sikkim are warm, simple and friendly with a nature gaiety. This is true both in regard to the very profane geographic height as well as in a figurative sense: Probably nowhere else on earth are there as many sacred venerated mountains, lakes, rivers, caves, temples and monasteries as in the Himalayan belt. Perhaps, Buddhism comes into view as the predominant religious practice in Sikkim. When the Tibetans from the Kham district came to Sikkim, Buddhism of the Nyngma-order in the 15th century also began to spread amongst the Lepchas as well. The people of Sikkim are warm, simple and friendly with a nature gaiety. It includes data on Religion, Rural, Urban, Scheduled Tribes Population during Census 1991. The monasteries in Dzongu belong to the Nyingmapa Sect of Buddhism. On the other hand the Lepchas native shamanist religion ‘Mun’. Many pilgrims from far and near – especially followers of the two oldest schools of Tibetan Buddhism Nyngma and Kagyu, come to Sikkim to visit its holy sites or to receive blessings, inspiration and teachings from high lamas. After his death, his personal effects were carefully treasured and worshipped by the Sikkimese as religious objects. Hinduism is majority religion in state of Sikkim with 57.76 % followers. He built Dubdi Monastery near Yuksam (Yoksum). The monastery possesses sacred manuscripts and artefacts that are showcased once in three years. List of Chogyals of Sikkim (1642–1975) Perhaps, Buddhism comes into view as the predominant religious practice in Sikkim. #4 of 24 Sights & Landmarks in Gangtok. Guru Padmasambava is also said to have hidden vast religious treasures, including holy books, ritual objects and relicts to be discovered and interpreted in future, by great saints. Image Source. There is hardly a place in these magnificent mountains that lacks a record of history or devotion. It is one of the most important religious festivals in Sikkim 2020. When: April 2019. Gangtok. Religion. Sakewa is a religious festival celebrated by the Kirat Khambu Rai community of Sikkim. They were received by the Lepcha Chief Thekung Mensalong at “Yoksum” – “meeting place of three lamas”. Saga Dawa Festival is one of the most famous of the Sikkim festivals. Sikhism, religion and philosophy founded in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent in the late 15th century. Since then many large and small monasteries belonging to these two sects have been built influencing the cultural heritage and lifestyle of the people profoundly. The thangka uses Buddhist imagery common to religious thangkas, to tell of the founding of Sikkim, which was prophesied by Guru Padmasambhava or Guru Rimpoche, the patron saint of Sikkim. Overcoming suffering through practicing a system of learning known as ‘the noble  eightfold path’ is its aim. Depicting the creation of the kingdom of Sikkim, the original of this thangka is said to have been commissioned by the last Chogyal or priest-king of Sikkim. Are you intrigued by what you have heard about Buddhism so far and would like to learn more? While Buddhism in Sikkim absorbed local customs and beliefs, it continued to follow the tenets of Vajrayana Buddhism as practiced in Tibet. Buddhism and Hinduism are the two major religions of Sikkim. It is also known as the Bhoomi puja or Chandi puja (worship of mother earth). The Lepchas continue to practise their traditional beliefs. As of 2014, the Evangelical Presbyterian Church is the largest church in Sikkim. Buddhist shrines mostly refer to historical persons who meditated in special places such as caves. According to the legends, anyone who visits these sacred sites. Most temples, monasteries and shrines (Chörten) in the Indian and Nepalese Himalaya – opposite to Tibet – have escaped destruction. He predicted that in this land the teachings of Buddhism would revive after having been destroyed by dark forces in Tibet. The latter has left countless foot- and hand-prints on the rocks of the eastern Himalaya that are being worshipped even today. It is also said that Guru Rinpoche established Buddhism in the state. He spent his years in Sikkim mostly exploring caves, mountain recesses and holy places, composing Buddhist legends and selecting sites for shrines, chortens (stupas/shrines) and monasteries. Each temple tells its story of how one of the many Hindu gods visited the place and accomplished a special miracle. It was part of the fulfilment of this prophecy when the Buddhist Masters Lhatsun Namkha Jigme (or Lhatsun Chempo), Kathok Rikzin Chempo and Nagadak Sampa Chempo came to Sikkim to propagate Buddhism in the 15th century. Their beliefs centre around spirits and the "shamans" who cure illnesses and preside over ceremonies during birth, marriage and death. Besides natural sacred places and places of nature worship there are also numerous sacred shrines and buildings. The northern Indian state of Sikkim, which till 1975 was a Buddhist monarchy, had a close cultural relationship with Tibet. It … Right from the name tale, geographical location to ... Business trips, official tours, family vacations or friends’ outing - travelling is an unavoidable, yet pleasurable part of life. Though, Hinduism is the actual religion that is followed by the majority of people. Lhatsun Chempo was largely responsible for consolidating Buddhism in Sikkim. • Sikkim Mythical Journeys & Pilgrimages • History of Sikkim’s Buddhist Heritage • Himalaya Religions •. One of the primary religions followed by the people of Sikkim follows the Mahayana sect of Buddhism and celebrates the Saga Dawa in a grand manner. For the animistic religions of the mountain-folks who used to roam the area as hunters and gatherers, nature offered countless sacred places of worship such as waterfalls, hot springs and particularly old trees. Buddhism and Hinduism are the two major religions of Sikkim. Though today the majority of people settled in Sikkim follow Hinduism, Sikkim has certainly preserved its deep roots with Buddhism to this day. It is believed that these places were blessed with healing power by their presence. The catalog contains data related to religion wise population, census 1991 - India and States. But Sikkim is a state of diverse communities, cultures, religions and customs. Hindu temples are irrevocably located in places where something extraordinary, something magical or mystical occurred. ... With the world preparing for the celebrations of International Women’s Day, Indian women are not far behind in planning and ... Top 10 Holiday Destinations to Travel in 2017, Mount Kanchenjunga ~ A Peak of Magnificence, India Calling ~ Destinations for all Women Holidays. Suggested Read:Sikkim In June: A Complete Guide On How To Experience It Best. Later, he built shrines at Sanga Choeling (1697) and Pemayangtse. According to Census of India, Population of Sikkim in 2017 was 651,586. The festival begins on the full moon day of the Hindu month of Baisakh, which usually falls in April/May. In the ancient times, Sikkim was occupied by three tribes; Naong, Chang and the Mon. Population of Sikkim in 2014 Sikkim's population eas estimated to be 629,898 (6.29 Lakhs) in 2014. “It's a wonderful place to visit … Monastic mysticism, lamas (monks) and nuns wrapped in red robes, fluttering prayer flags and rotating prayer wheels characterize the image of the erstwhile kingdom. Ganesh Tok: The famous Ganesh Tok or Temple is located on a hill in the Gangtok, the capital city … Though, Hinduism is the actual religion that is followed by the majority of people. Sikkim, the state of the multiracial has acclaimed the national and global appreciation for its indigenous heritage and traditions.The entire population of Sikkim can be divided into several ethnic groups. People of Sikkim. They used to worship spirits of the mountains, rivers… These three lamas invited Phuntsog Namgyal and consecrated him as the first Chogyal (king) of Sikkim in 1642 A.D, at Yuksam, where the stone throne can be seen even today. Sikkim has a good mechanism of living harmony in between people of the states. His interaction with the Lepcha people in Sikkim is also mentioned in the Lepcha historical records. Would you be interested to gain insights into Sikkim’s monastic culture, Buddhist festivals or the meaning of ceremonies and rituals? The Lepchas continue to practise their traditional beliefs. Buddhism is the main religion in Sikkim. Then you may consider going on a mystical journey with us. Sikkim has 75 Buddhist monasteries, the oldest dating back to the 1700s. Vajrayana Buddhism, which accounts for 28.1 percent of the population, is Sikkim's second-largest, yet most prominent religion.Prior to Sikkim's becoming a part of the Indian Union, Vajrayana Buddhism was the state religion under the Chogyal. Perched at an altitude of 6500 ft in Maity village, Mangkhim is a temple of … The saint and great tantric teacher Padmasambava, also known as 'Guru Rimpoche' who introduced the tantric Vajrayana-Buddhism to Tibet traversed Sikkim several times on his journeys between India and Tibet in the 9th century. Mankhim, Aritar. Religion in Sikkim The Nepalese community, which represents over two-thirds of the population, follows Hinduism. In Sikkim state, Islam is followed by 1.62 %, Christianity by 9.91 %, Jainism by 0.05 % and Sikhism by 0.31 %. Though, Hinduism is the actual religion that is followed by the majority of people. Saga Dawa. In all Hindu form majority religion in 3 out … Hinduism constitutes 57.76% of Sikkim population. Sikkim Religions The Sikkimese are highly devout people and religions play a major role in Sikkim. Here some people of Muslim religion and Jainism live and it is only 1 percent of the total population. 6. Before the arrival of Tibetan immigrants the indigenous Lepchas practiced ‘Mun’, a shamanist/animist religion. In general, they are known as Sikkimese. He referred to Sikkim as “Bay-Yol-Dre-Ma-Jong " – "hidden land of treasures, fruits and flowers" and declared it to be the holiest of all holy lands he visited. Guru Padmasambhava is said to have meditated in Sikkim’s various different caves and by lakes while blessing the land. the religion of the Limbu that follows the Kirant teachings similar to Bön and the animist beliefs and practices of different people of Nepal take place less conspicuously throughout the land. Sikkim witnesses an increase of 1.23% in its population on yearly basis. Bhutias in Sikkim originate mainly from Tibet and predominantly follow Buddhism as their religion. Sikkim is a beautiful land of manifold tribes and races of people living together. The Lepchas are believed to be the original inhabitants of Sikkim. erstwhile kingdom. Each of these groups has a language, culture, heritage, traditions, and the dance forms of … Buddhism and Hinduism are the two major religions of Sikkim. In its early years, migrants from Tibet brought this religion to Sikkim and dominated a major part of the state. In the Himalayan belt from Ladakh in the west to Arunachal Pradesh in the east, mainly the tantric Vajrayana Buddhism is practiced. bring you to sacred places share their stories and legends with you, explain simple common daily rituals to you such as smudging, recitation of powerful mantras, hissing of Tibetan Prayer Flags, and basic breathing-meditation techniques – and of course - if you choose to - you can also actively participate, visit monasteries and nunneries and facilitate interaction with teachers, lamas and nuns to allow deep insights into monastic life. Vajrayana Buddhism of the Nyngma order is Sikkim’s state religion and about 200 Buddhist monasteries and temples adorn the most beautiful spots of the mountain state. 3.1 /5. But you yourself will have to step through. Buddhism is not a religion as per western understanding but a philosophy that is founded by the historical Buddha’s own experience. Weather of Sikkim. Each year, in order to appease the Lord Khangchendzonga, a state sponsored religious festival of Pang Lhabsol is held at the four major monasteries of Sikkim. The Sikkimese are highly devout people and religions play a major role in Sikkim. Buddhism is not a religion as per western understanding but a philosophy that is founded by the historical Buddha’s own experience. Population of Sikkim … Many of them are centuries old, if not millennia. The Nepalese community, which represents over two-thirds of the population, follows Hinduism. Milarepa and Padmasambhava are amongst these historical persons, besides many others. Its members are known as Sikhs. It was during and subsequent to the reign of the fourth Chogyal Gyurmed Namgyal in the beginning of the 18th century that the first Kagyu monastery was established at Phodong in North Sikkim. In culture and religion, Sikkim was linked closely with Tibet, from which its first king migrated, and Bhutan, with which it shares borders. Ranka Monastery. Sikkim has a good mechanism of living harmony in between people of the states. Do you want to learn more about Buddhist teachings and meditation practices through interaction with rimpoches, tulkus, lamas, nuns or teachers of Buddhist philosophy? In general, they are known as Sikkimese. Sikkim sees the sunlight in the early morning at 4 am and people of this region … The original religion of the Lepchas was of the Mune or bone faith, which is similar to pagans. Sikkim Religions The Sikkimese are highly devout people and religions play a major role in Sikkim. Among them the most significant is Tholung Monastery which is a day’s hike along River Rongyong from Bey village, a rough motorable road leads to Bey from where the trail starts. So how do you pick the best destinations to travel to in 2017? The Himalaya has attracted mystical seekers since millennia. They mostly migrated to Sikkim in early 17th century when there was a serous conflict between the Yellow Hat and Red Hat Buddhist sects in Tibet. Culture and religion. Religion wise Population, Census 1991 - India and States | Open Government Data Portal Sikkim Eager to witness the power of mystical places like sacred caves, hot springs and lakes? The Lepcha’s Mun-religion easily blended or co-existed with the practices of Buddhist Nyngma-traditions and rituals. Sikkim Religions. On the other hand the Lepchas native shamanist religion ‘Mun’, the religion of the Limbu that follows the Kirant teachings similar to Bön and the animist beliefs and practices of different people of Nepal take place less conspicuously throughout the land. But Sikkim is a state of diverse communities, cultures, religions and customs. Roughly three-fourths of Sikkim’s residents are Nepalese in origin; most speak a Nepali (Gorkhali) dialect and are Hindu in religion and culture. They radiate an unforgettable charm that doesn’t leave anyone untouched and focuses our attention towards the inside – away from stress and the cool rationality of western everyday life. Their beliefs centre around spirits and the "shamans" who cure illnesses and preside over … They resided in Sikkim, long before the migration of Bhutias and Nepalese. It is a good example of Indian “Unity in Diversity”. In line with our philosophy we can open doors and bridge worlds for you. Monks going around the city of Gangtok reciting various holy teachings and scriptures is a common phenomenon here. But with the course of time, the inhabitants of the nearby countries became a major inhabitant of the state. Though today the majority of people settled in Sikkim follow Hinduism, Sikkim has certainly preserved its deep roots with Buddhism to this day. The world’s a big place. • Sikkim: Experience permaculture & rural himalayan life in India's organic state. Perhaps, Buddhism comes into view as the predominant religious practice in Sikkim. Sikkim boasts of innumerable monasteries that are assigned to the practice and preaching of Buddhism. Nowhere on earth are you as close to the sky as here. The Bhutias practise Buddhism and were responsible for converting the Lepchas to Mahayana Buddhism. The presence of a large ethnic Nepali population, mainly from eastern and central Nepal, also leads to cultural linkages with Nepal. These festivals are a great way to get a glimpse into lifestyle and customs of Sikkimese. Besides the religious festivals, the tourism department of Sikkim organizes various fairs during different times of the year to promote the state’s local cultures and traditions. According to Sikh tradition, Sikhism was established by Guru Nanak (1469–1539) and subsequently led by a succession of nine other Gurus. Looking for a awakening experiences and don’t know where and how to find them? Adding up to the immense natural beauty, there are enormous old age religious sites and ancient temples in Sikkim attracting plethora of travellers, all over the globe. All these diverse tribes and communities have their unique features in addition to their particular dance forms, festivals, languages, culture, and craft forms.The miscellany of ethnic groups, religion, and languages is seen all over Sikkim. Today Sikkim with its sacred sites is a favorite destination for Buddhists and spiritual people from around the world. explain the vast symbolism of mural-paintings, ritual objects, offerings, etc. provide a local guide with extensive knowledge about Sikkim’s Buddhist heritage, practices, history and symbolism; your guide may be a lama, Rimpoche, nun, or a guide specialized in Buddhism. Whenever it comes to describing Kanchenjunga, a complete book can be written. Or have you already immersed yourself into the Himalayan Buddhist culture and know what the region has to offer? Due to historical, geographical and cultural manifestations this system took different forms. Sikkim is a unique blend of different religion, customs and traditions of different communities. Sikkim is widely known as a popular Indian state having splendid hill stations, tropical surroundings, and pleasant aura. 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