It is related to the similarly appearing rabbit, which is in the same family but a different genus. To counteract this, a captive breeding program has been implemented in Spain, and the relocation of some individuals from one location to another has increased genetic variety. Many less reliable sources state that the European hare, with its long, strong hind legs, is the fastest hare in Sweden, and thus the fastest land animal in Europe. [10] Another 2008 study suggests that more research is needed before a conclusion is reached as to whether a species complex exists;[11] the European hare remains classified as a single species until further data contradicts this assumption. 3. [51], Any connection of the hare to Ēostre is doubtful. European hares are primarily herbivorous. Agricultural and economic impacts. [50] The mad hare reappears in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll, in which Alice participates in a crazy tea party with the March Hare and the Mad Hatter. European hares have a wide range and are moderately abundant. Females have six-weekly reproductive cycles and can mate for only a few hours at a time, making competition among local bucks intense. Babies are born fully furred and ready to leave the nest soon after birth. This is usually not competition between males, but a female hitting a male, either to show she is not yet ready to mate or to test of his determination. [60] In Scotland concerns have been raised over the increasing numbers of hares shot under license. It is a mammal adapted to temperate open country. The fur on the back is typically longer and more curled than on the rest of the body. In small gatherings, dominants are more successful in defending food, but as more individuals join in, they must spend more time driving off others. To show interest they raise their ears, while lowering the ears warns others to keep away. [21] They have also been introduced, mostly as game animals, to North America (in Ontario and New York State, and unsuccessfully in Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, and Connecticut), the Southern Cone (Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay), Bolivia, Chile, Peru and the Falkland Islands, Australia, both islands of New Zealand and the south Pacific coast of Russia. Amazing Facts About the Brown Hare. [62][63] Hare can also be cooked in a casserole. The European Hare or Brown Hare (Lepus europaeus) is a species of hare native to northern, central, and western Europe and western Asia. [5][20][22], Hares primarily live in open fields with scattered brush for shelter. [6][7], There is some debate as to whether the European hare and the Cape hare are the same species. The hare has been a traditional symbol of fertility and reproduction in some cultures and its courtship behaviour in the spring inspired the English idiom mad as a March hare. Their range extends from northern Spain to southern Scandinavia, eastern Europe, and northern parts of Western and Central Asia. The body mass is typically between 3 and 5 kg (6.6 and 11.0 lb). "It [Snowshoe Hare] has a top speed 27-30 mph., can jump 10 ft in one hop, is a good swimmer and will jump in the water to make an escape." Prized for its sporting qualities of great speed and natural caution, as well as its dark, flavoursome meat, the hare was introduced into Australia as early as 1837. In comparison to the rabbit, it … They also eat twigs, buds and the bark of shrubs and young fruit trees during winter. The hare in African folk tales is a trickster; some of the stories about the hare were retold among African slaves in America, and are the basis of the Br’er Rabbit stories. [1] During the spring and summer, they feed on soy, clover and corn poppy[27] as well as grasses and herbs. The European hare, like other members of the family Leporidae, is a fast-running terrestrial mammal; it has eyes set high on the sides of its head, long ears and a flexible neck.Its teeth grow continuously, the first incisors being modified for gnawing while the second incisors are peg-like and non-functional. They are distinguished from other leporids (hares and rabbits) by their longer legs, wider nostrils and active (precocial) young. 2 The European hare resembles closely the black-tailed jack rabbits of the western United States,having the characteristic long ears, much longer than the head, with a black area on the upper surface near the I am a falconer, hunting with a goshawk. Before the match can begin, however, a Cellien attacks, stalling the competition until it can be defeated. The European hare — which inhabits Europe, the Middle East, and as far east as Siberia — is perhaps the most common species of hares in the world. [30] At the height of the breeding season, this phenomenon is known as "March madness",[31] when the normally nocturnal bucks are forced to be active in the daytime. A diet of leverets will not be enough to sustain a growing pup or feed an entire wolf pack, so bigger prey is needed. The brown hare is known for its long, black-tipped ears and fast running - it can reach speeds of 45mph when evading predators. The European hare was first described in 1778 by German zoologist Peter Simon Pallas. 70 km/h. This is the case in northern Spain and in Greece, where the restocking by hares brought from outside the region has been identified as a threat to regional gene pools. Normally rare in hares, a significant die-off from the virus has also occurred in Spain. [20] While young of either sex commonly explore their surroundings,[36] natal dispersal tends to be greater in males. The European hare's fur does not turn completely white in the winter, although the sides of the head and base of the ears become whitish and the hip and rump region may gain some grey. could never summon the extra burst of speed necessary to catch the hare. found a high degree of muscle membrane unsaturation in the European hare and linked this to the extraordinarily high maximum running speed of this species (more than 70 km/h ). It is traditionally served with (or briefly cooked with) the hare's blood and port wine. Generally nocturnal and shy in nature, hares change their behaviour in the spring, when they can be seen in broad daylight chasing one another around in fields. their young are born blind and hairless. European hares are large fast-running mammals. An female may have 3 litters per year consisting of 1-8 young. Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub, 2. The rabbit is no slowcoach. [44], In October 2018, it was reported that a mutated form of the rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV2) may have jumped to hares in the UK. I am thinking even the slow and steady tortoise wouldn’t be able to make up the distance the European Hare could cover moving at those speeds. The European hare (Lepus europaeus), also known as the brown hare, is a species of hare native to Europe and parts of Western Asia and Central Asia.It is a mammal adapted to temperate, open country. They live in open fields with shrubs, brush and ditches for shelter and cover. Rarely, if the winter is too cold and there is a lot of snow hare can make tunnels in the snow, which can reach up to 2 meters in length and can make a nest in the hay also. The European hare known as the brown hare, is a species of hare native to Europe and parts of Asia. They also seem to be fewer in number in areas with high European rabbit populations,[25] although there appears to be little interaction between the two species and no aggression. The African hare, as the name implies, inhabits much of Africa. There is a gap (diastema) between the incisors and the cheek teeth, the latter being adapted for grinding coarse plant material. The European Hare can run as fast at 35mph, and the arctic hare capable of up to 37mph. The Greeks associated it with the gods Dionysus, Aphrodite and Artemis as well as with satyrs and cupids. European Hare – They are also known as brown Hare as they have brown color fur, they are bigger and leaner than rabbit. [5][17] Other adaptions for high speed running in hares include wider nostrils and larger hearts. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Hares are the most widespread lagomorph genus, occupying most of North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. Young can eat solid food after 2 weeks and are weaned at 4 weeks after birth. Over longer distances, the European hare (Lepus europaeus) can run up to 56 km/h (35 mph). They are not territorial and live in shared home ranges. found a high degree of muscle membrane unsaturation in the European hare and linked this to the extraordinarily high maximum running speed of this species (more than 70 km/h ). [45][46], In Europe, the hare has been a symbol of sex and fertility since at least Ancient Greece. [12] Genetic diversity in current populations is high with no signs of inbreeding. Its head and body length can range from 60 to 75 cm (24 to 30 in) with a tail length of 7.2 to 11 cm (2.8 to 4.3 in). The European brown hare (Lepus Capensis) is a respected game animal throughout most of Europe and parts of Russia. The Hare can run at very high speed up to 60-70 km / … It can only try to make an escape – the faster the better, of course. Minden Pictures/SuperStock. Typically i hunt rabbits. The American Jackrabbit, which is actually a hare, is one of the fastest animals on the planet, being able to reach speeds of up to 45mph. I say this since this Hare can reach speeds up to 55 km/hr (34 mph) when they are startled and need to make a quick getaway. Rarely, if the winter is too cold and there is a lot of snow hare can make tunnels in the snow, which can reach up to 2 meters in length and can make a nest in the hay also. Litters may consist of three or four young and a female can bear three litters a year, with hares living for up to twelve years. They are generally solitary but can be seen in both large and small groups. [20], The International Union for Conservation of Nature has evaluated the European hare's conservation status as being of least concern. 1. This popularity has threatened regional varieties such as those of France and Denmark, through large-scale importing of hares from Eastern European countries such as Hungary. The supraorbital ridge has well-developed anterior and posterior lobes and the lacrimal bone projects prominently from the anterior wall of the orbit. Cross-breeding, or hybridisation, is another worry. Many less reliable sources state that the European hare, with its long, strong hind legs, is the fastest hare in Sweden, and thus the fastest land animal in Europe. The "jacks" tend to make a full circle back to the general area where they where jumped. [26] Although hares are shot as game when they are plentiful, this is a self-limiting activity and is less likely to occur in localities where they are scarce. In winter the European Hare sleeps on the snow in a place that is sheltered. Undocumented introductions probably occurred in some Mediterranean Islands. They are generally thought of as asocial but can be seen in both large and small groups. In addition to dominant animals subduing subordinates, the female fights off her numerous suitors if she is not ready to mate. [1], Cladogenetic analysis suggests that European hares survived the last glacial period during the Pleistocene via refugia in southern Europe (Italian peninsula and Balkans) and Asia Minor. In European tradition, the hare also symbolises the two qualities of swiftness and timidity. Subsequent colonisations of Central Europe appear to have been initiated by human-caused environmental changes. Habitat: European hares are native to much of continental Europe. i Received for publication Apr. Boyle adds that "when the authors speak of the hare as the 'companion of Aphrodite and of satyrs and cupids' and 'in the Middle Ages [the hare] appears beside the figure of [mythological] Luxuria', they are on much surer ground. In the 80's we used to hunt European hare around the Pearson airport area, Those days are gone, although I hear there are still some on the airport. By contrast, cottontail rabbits are built for short bursts of speed in more vegetated habitats. I have tried ducks as well, but you need some ducks in puddles or they just dive back in as the gos overtakes them. The dark limb musculature of hares is adapted fo… Hares com­mu­ni­cate with each other by a va­ri­ety of … The "jacks" tend to make a full circle back to the general area where they where jumped. It will also set the stage for making O’Hare into a full-service transportation hub with convenient connections to bus lines, commuter and passenger trains, and high-speed rail service that connects the whole region. In winter the European Hare sleeps on the snow in a place that is sheltered. [20] The fur on the back is typically longer and more curled than on the rest of the body. [30] In these encounters, hares stand upright and attack each other with their paws, a practice known as "boxing", and this activity is usually between a female and a male and not between competing males as was previously believed. They rely on high-speed endurance running to escape predation, having long, powerful limbs and large nostrils. [20][33] When a doe is ready to mate, she runs across the countryside, starting a chase that tests the stamina of the following males. Intensive cultivation of the land results in greater mortality of young hares (leverets). [57] Hare coursing with greyhounds was once an aristocratic pursuit, forbidden to lower social classes. I say this since this Hare can reach speeds up to 55 km/hr (34 mph) when they are startled and need to make a quick getaway. [20], European hares forage in groups. Hares are herbivorous and feed mainly on grasses and herbs, supplementing these with twigs, buds, bark and field crops, particularly in winter. [63][65], The European hare has a wide range across Europe and western Asia and has been introduced to a number of other countries around the globe, often as a game species. It prefers a mosaic of farmland … Download preview. Naturally, the European Hare relies on this speed to escape potential predators. Amazing Facts About the Brown Hare. The brown hare is known for its long, black-tipped ears and fast running - it can reach speeds of 45mph when evading predators. Their eyes are set high on the sides of their head, and they have long ears and a flexible neck. The European hare, like other members of the family Leporidae, is a fast-running terrestrial mammal; it has eyes set high on the sides of its head, long ears and a flexible neck.Its teeth grow continuously, the first incisors being modified for gnawing while the second incisors are peg-like and non-functional. Size and speed: Hares are generally larger and faster than rabbits. [1], European hares are large leporids and adults can only be tackled by large predators such as canids, felids and the largest birds of prey. In general it is considered moderately abundant in its native range,[13] but declines in populations have been noted in many areas since the 1960s. They sometimes eat their own green, faecal pellets to recover undigested proteins and vitamins. [20] Leverets disperse during the day and come together in the evening close to where they were born. [23] In Poland, hares are most abundant in areas with few forest edges, perhaps because foxes can use these for cover. The five species of jackrabbits found in central and western North America are able to run at 64 km/h (40 mph) over longer distances, and can leap up to 3 m (10 ft) at a time. The European Hare is a mammal adapted to temperate open country. Boyle responds that almost nothing is known about Ēostre, and that the authors had seemingly accepted the identification of Ēostre with the Norse goddess Freyja, but that the hare is not associated with Freyja either. When challenging a conspecific, a hare thumps its front feet; the hind feet are used to warn others of a predator. It is perfectly adapted to open temperate country and although superficially similar to a rabbit it has significant differences in physiology and behaviour. [25], Hares are primarily nocturnal and spend a third of their time foraging. They do not ap­pear to be ter­ri­to­r­ial, liv­ing in shared home ranges of around 300 ha (740 acres). Gestation lasts 41-42 days. The Hare can run at very high speed up to 60-70 km / … [31], Does give birth in hollow depressions in the ground. It is related to the rabbit, which is in the same family but a different genus. Both belong to the family Leporidae but are of a different genus. We're hunting hares on farmland in Lincolnshire with Eagle falconer Roy Lupton and his friends. Peak reproductive activity occurs in March and April, when all females may be pregnant, the majority with three or more foetuses. WEIGHT. Depending on the speed of the hounds, snow conditions etc... they can stay ½ a mile or more ahead of the pack, or as more often is the case 100-150 yards. [19] Two to three adult hares can eat more food than a single sheep. Try the latest version of Chrome, Firefox, Edge or Safari. [19], The fur colour is grizzled yellow-brown on the back; rufous on the shoulders, legs, neck and throat; white on the underside and black on the tail and ear tips. [9] A 2008 study claims that in the case of Lepus species, with their rapid evolution, species designation cannot be based solely on mtDNA but should also include an examination of the nuclear gene pool. [28] When eating twigs, hares strip off the bark to access the vascular tissues which store soluble carbohydrates. [47], In Northern Europe, Easter imagery often involves hares or rabbits. ... European hare - Lepus europaeus. [56], Across Europe, over five million European hares are shot each year, making it probably the most important game mammal on the continent. Some of these fly through the air, others swim through water and some run on land. [27] They also eat twigs, buds and the bark of shrubs and young fruit trees during winter. European hares are both polygynous (single males mating with multiple females) and polygynandrous (promiscuous). The European hare is listed as being of least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature because it has a wide range and is moderately abundant. The European Hare breeds on the ground rather than in a burrow and relies on speed to escape. Here are 10 of the fastest animals in the world. They require cover, such as hedges, ditches and permanent cover areas, because these habitats supply the varied diet they require, and are found at lower densities in large open fields. [25] Several countries, including Norway, Germany, Austria and Switzerland,[1] have placed the species on their Red Lists as "near threatened" or "threatened". Photo about European brown hare (Lepus europaeus) running at break-neck speed in a meadow. 4. They mainly feed on grass, herbs, twigs, buds and crops. According to IUCN, the European hare is locally common and widespread throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available. But before starting to run the hare lies down flat on the ground when in danger. Depending on the speed of the hounds, snow conditions etc... they can stay ½ a mile or more ahead of the pack, or as more often is the case 100-150 yards. They were also found to host rabbit fleas (Spilopsyllus cuniculi), stickfast fleas (Echidnophaga myrmecobii), lice (Haemodipsus setoni and H. lyriocephalus), and mites (Leporacarus gibbus). Our site is great except that we don‘t support your browser. 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