Individual may display dark markings on its body. The common seahorse is a wide-ranging Indo-Pacific seahorse that inhabits waters from Indonesia to the Philippines, Pakistan, and India to southern Japan, Hawaii, and the Society Islands. The common name sea pony has been used for this species under its synonym Hippocampus fuscus. Lee, S. -C. (1983). Article by Julia Moniz. Lim, K.K.P., H.H. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae – Lutjanidae. This description poignantly describes their horse-like head positioned 90 degrees from its upright, armor-plated body, curved trunk, and prehensile tail ("Project Seahorse", 2003). The young (called pups) exit the pouch once fully grown, and from then on live autonomously. The Yellow Seahorse reacts poorly to being harassed by other more aggressive fish such as: blennies, wrasses, tobies, triggerfish, and porcupinefish. According to some books, they have also been sometimes referred to as strange insects or shellfish. Tan and J.K.Y. In seahorses, the males give birth to babies. The yellow seahorse is a small fish that can reach a length of 17–30 cm. 240 pp. Yellow seahorses are poor swimmers. The female is usually more slender than the male. The Yellow Seahorse tends to get along with pipefish, but they are a slightly faster feeder than the seahorse and may not leave behind enough food. Each male seahorse has a pocketlike pouch near its abdomen. Before purchasing, you need all the information you can get. The yellow seahorse is commonly found in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. p. 239. The Yellow Seahorse reacts poorly to being harassed by other more aggressive fish such as: blennies, wrasses, tobies, triggerfish, and porcupinefish. The smallest seahorse species, measuring 11mm, is Satomi’s pygmy seahorse (Hippocampus satomiae). Using their prehensile tails, they usually cling to seagrass and other substrates. The species is still commonly encountered (especially in Indonesia and New Guinea) but is currently classified as vulnerable by the IUCN, as populations face some threat from bycatch in the shrimp trawl fishery, targeted catch for the aquarium and traditional medicine trade, and habitat destruction, coupled with low fecundity due to the involved method of parental brood care. Fishes. Kuiter, R. H. (2000). Seahorses are carnivorous and feeds on small crustacea, which include daphnia, cyclops, larvae, and mysids. 2nd ed. There are several versions of the common name of the fish. The Yellow Seahorse needs a diet featuring live ghost shrimp, grass shrimp, opossum shrimp, amphipods, and other small crustaceans. The latter includes villi rich in capillaries that surround each fertilized egg creating a … They can change colour patterns to camouflage themselves. Frozen brine shrimp may be fed as an occasional treat. Fast seahorse facts. Some individuals may have spots. They are challenging to keep alive. Davison, P.KL. Here are 10 Interesting Seahorse facts. They have a highly prehensile tail which is used in extreme conditions. It is found in shallow grass flats, as well as among floating vegetation. Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica 22, 67–82. The size range of sea-horses is from 6-8 inches. Daphnia is eaten when other foods are unavailable. It may accept vitamin-enriched adult brine shrimp, but not as a steady diet. Animal Planet GO - Watch Full Episodes and Live TV. The seahorses also lack a caudal fin unlike most other fishes. Part 1. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T10075A16664386.en, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hippocampus_kuda&oldid=984910941, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 20:46. Coloration ranges from black to yellow or tan. [4], It inhabits both benthic habitat in coastal waters with soft or rocky bottom, sheltered waters of estuaries, harbors or mangroves, and open pelagic waters, where it clings to drifting Sargassum seaweed. In seahorses, the males give birth to babies. All species have the ability to change their colors , in this case females usually have shades that range from yellow to slightly darker tones, and in the case of males have a grey color in various shades. The common name sea pony has been used for this species under its synonym Hippocampus fuscus . Chew (eds.). Yellow seahorses are monogamous and will find a new partner only when they lose the old one. The seahorse is elusive and seeks shelter among coral reefs, seaweed, mangroves, and estuaries. Except for crabs, few marine predators eat the seahorse … About 32 ppt is ideal.[14]. Amazing Facts About the Seahorse. Seahorses giving birth. They lack caudal fins and only use their dorsal fins for propulsion. 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